What Is Acne? Treatment, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Prevention.

What is Acne?

Acne is a prevalent skin condition characterized by the appearance of small bumps on the skin due to blocked hair follicles and dead skin.

Acne, a common skin condition characterized by blackheads, whiteheads, or red, swollen spots, is primarily found on the face, neck, back, and shoulders, and can affect both young and adult individuals.

Acne can be frustrating and self-conscious, but there are various methods to treat and manage it effectively.

What Are The Different Types Of Acne?

Acne is a multi-type skin blemish, with several main types that can be identified and treated accordingly.

Whiteheads: Small, white, and clogged pores cause small, white, and stay under the skin.

Blackheads: Whiteheads are similar in appearance but open at the skin surface, resulting in a black appearance.

Papules: These are small, red, tender bumps without a white top, similar to whiteheads.

Pustules: These bumps are red with white pus at the top, and they are another type of bump.

Nodules: Large, solid, and painful lumps deep in the skin are caused by clogged pores.

Cysts: Acne is the most severe type, characterized by large, painful, pus-filled lumps deep in the skin that can cause scars.

Different types of acne require different treatments, with mild whiteheads and blackheads requiring over-the-counter creams, while larger, painful nodules and cysts may require medical attention.

What are the symptoms of acne?

The symptoms of acne include:

Whiteheads: These are small, closed bumps on the skin.

Blackheads: These are distinct from whiteheads, as they are open at the surface and dark.

Pimples: Red, tender bumps with white pus at their tips.

Nodules: Large, solid, and painful lumps beneath the skin’s surface.

Cystic lesions: Painful, pus-filled lumps under the skin.

Acne symptoms are common on the face, but can also affect the back, shoulders, or neck. Sutvakclinic offers fast and affordable treatment options.

What are the causes of acne?

Acne occurs when skin pores become blocked with oil and dead skin, which are small openings for hair development. While skin naturally produces oil for health, excessive levels can cause acne.

Additional oil and dead skin can clog pores, causing whiteheads or blackheads when they remain beneath the surface.

Bacteria can cause acne to grow red and swollen, while hormones, which alter as we develop, can worsen acne, especially in teens.

Causes: Why Do We Get Acne?

Several factors contribute to acne:

Oil production: Too much oil can clog pores.

Dead skin cells: These can build up and block pores.

Bacteria: Can cause swelling and redness.

Hormones: Changes, particularly during teenage years or pregnancy, can potentially increase acne.

Diagnosis: How Is Acne Diagnosed?

A simple skin check is sufficient, but severe skin issues may require a visit to a dermatologist for more insights and treatment options.

Who treats acne?

A general healthcare provider or Skin Specialist can diagnose and treat acne, while dermatologists can help with stubborn acne if treatment fails.

Treatment: Getting Rid of Acne

Acne Treatment varies depending on how severe the acne is:

Over-the-counter treatments consist of creams and gels containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or sulfur.

A doctor may prescribe stronger creams or oral medications to treat stubborn acne.

Light therapy, chemical peels, or extraction procedures are effective treatments that typically require a dermatologist for their implementation.

Prevention: Keeping Acne at Bay

Here are some tips:

Wash regularly: Gently cleanse your skin using a mild soap.

Avoid harsh scrubbing: It can irritate the skin.

Keep hair clean: Hair oil can exacerbate acne.

Watch what touches your face: Keep your hands and phone clean.

Avoid popping pimples: It can lead to scarring.

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Acne, a common skin condition causing whiteheads, blackheads, nodules, and cysts, is caused by clogged pores, excess oil, dead skin, and hormonal changes.

Sutvakclinic offers a variety of treatment options, including over-the-counter creams and professional therapies.

Regular gentle cleansing and avoiding harsh treatments can help prevent acne and maintain healthy skin, offering fast and affordable solutions.